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WHAT IS DYSLEXIA

What are possible causes of Dyslexia? 

It is not due to mental retardation, brain damage, or a lack of intelligence. The causes of dyslexia vary with the type. In primary dyslexia, much research focuses on the hereditary factors. Researchers have recently identified specific genes identified as possibly contributing to the signs and symptoms of dyslexia.

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What are common characteristics of a Dyslexic learner? 

Difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition, and poor spelling and decoding abilities. The brain has trouble recognizing or processing certain types of information. This can include matching letter sounds and symbols (such as the letter b making the buh sound) and blending them together to make words. Trouble reading accurately and fluently. Also trouble with reading comprehension, spelling, and writing. Symptoms of dyslexia vary from person to person, but many people afflicted with the condition see words and letters move when they try to read. As a result, it is difficult to read and understand text without experiencing fatigue, eye strain, and frustration. It is possible for a dyslexic person to be able to read very well, yet find it extremely difficult or impossible to write or spell. It is important to understand that when a dyslexic person “sees” letters or words reversed or mixed up, there is usually nothing wrong with her eyes. 

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Other things that someone with Dyslexia might also have. There can be any combination of learning differences. >>>
What is the connection of Dyslexia with ADD/ADHD?

They are so commonly found together that some mistake dyslexia and ADHD for the same thing, but, to be clear, dyslexia and ADHD are two different disorders one to do with attention and behavior and the other specifically to do with reading. 

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Sometimes people confuse ADHD with dyslexia, but they are different disabilities. Learning Disabilities is a language-based learning disability; ADHD is a deficiency of attention. When you treat ADHD, the symptoms of dyslexia may improve; the new-found capability for paying attention helps in reading. 

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Although not completely verified it is safe to say about 1 in 10 people have Dyslexia.
How does the Dyslexic brain work differently from others? 

All Dyslexia affects the development of the left temporal lobe in the brain that controls language, which lies just behind the ear. 

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Dyslexia is not only about literacy, although weaknesses in literacy are often the most visible sign. Dyslexia affects the way information is processed, stored and retrieved, with problems of memory, speed of processing, time perception, organization, and sequencing.

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What are some terms to become familiar with to help with accommodation?

Individualized Educational Program (IEP). This written plan guarantees your school will provide specific supports for your child. Those supports can include things like tutoring in reading and writing skills. But even without an evaluation, your child may be able to get support. If your child isn’t eligible for an IEP, the school may recommend a 504 plan. A 504 plan lists the things your child’s school will do to meet your child’s needs. That might include things such as giving less homework or having tests read aloud to your child. • Look into technology. Tech Finder offers suggestions for apps and other technology that could be helpful for your child. • Find out about local resources. Every state has at least one Parent Training and Information Center sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Special Education Programs. You can find one in your area through the Parent Technical Assistance Network’s website. 

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What is Dysgraphia?

Writing that’s hard to read and filled with errors, and does not convey what the child knows and what he intended to write. A child may have trouble with what’s called “orthographic coding.” This is the ability to store unfamiliar written words in the working memory. As a result, he may have a hard time remembering how to print or write a letter or a word. An occupational therapist may provide exercises to build muscle strength and dexterity and increase hand-eye coordination.  

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What is Dyscalculia? 

Is a difficulty in doing math and using numbers. Symptoms may include reversing dates and numbers, unable to tell time on an analog clock, using fingers to count out math solutions long after peers have stopped using this method, unable to count out cash, etc.

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Can Dyslexia be overcome or go away? 

Dyslexia is a disorder present at birth and cannot be prevented or cured, but it can be managed with special instruction and support. Early intervention to address reading problems is important. These may include an educational specialist, an educational psychologist, or a speech therapist.

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What is the history of Dyslexia? 

Knowledge of dyslexia and the development of treatments for it began in the late 19th century. In 1878, a German physician, Dr. Kussmaul studied a man who was unable to learn to read. The man was of normal intelligence and had received an adequate education. Dr. Kussmaul described his particular problem as ‘reading blindness’. Some years later, the man’s condition was described as ‘dyslexia’, from the Greek meaning ‘difficulty with words’. In 1925, an American neurologist, Dr. Samuel T. Orton proposed the first theory of how specific reading difficulty arose. He placed a great emphasis on the dominance of one side of the brain. Teaching strategies he developed during his research are still in use today. Numerous forms of specific learning difficulty were being studied during this period but became widely recognized in 1939 when Dr. Alfred Struss and R. Heinz Werner published their findings on children with a wide range of learning difficulties. Their work emphasized the variety of these problems and the importance of individually assessing each child’s particular educational needs. Since then there have been increased levels of study into an understanding of dyslexia. Dyslexia is now understood to be a wide range of learning difficulties which affects different people in different ways. 

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What is visual-spatial complex?

There are Eight Types of Visual Processing Issues one of those is:

Visual sequencing issues: Kids with these issues have difficulty telling the order of symbols, words or images. They may struggle to write answers on a separate sheet or skip lines when reading. They also may reverse or misread letters, numbers, and words.

The other include: 

Visual discrimination issues, 

Visual figure-ground discrimination issues, 

Visual-motor processing issues, 

Long- or short-term visual memory issues, 

Visual-spatial issues,  

Visual closure issues, 

Letter and symbol reversal issues.

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